In this book, the learned former Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of Pakistan, who first articulated and upheld the famous ‘law of necessity (whereby hangs a Pakistani tale), asks the most relevant question of the time. Was the new Pakistani state a secular or theological one? How have subsequent leaders and regimes visualized the nature of the state and to what consequence? What is the form and content of the ideology of Pakistan? What is the nature of the relationship between certain political parties, like the Jamaat-i-Islami and Islam and Pakistan? How will recent amendments to the 1973 Constitution affect the body politic of this country? How can the resurgence of Islam be placed in the wider context of geopolitical changes in the Middle East and the South Asian region?